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The Pharmageddon Herbal
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The Art and Science of Herbal Medicines
Spagyric Homeopathic Galenic

Block Index

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Chapter/Module 1. First Things First - The Growers Index of Possibilities - Processing Options - Economic Yield and Land Area - Chemo-Culture, Liebig's Legacy - Market Scope - The Process - The Technology - Product Formulation - Market Research - Crop Yields and Economic Potential - Drying Ratios - Average Yield by Specie - Planting Distances for Selected Species - Planting Distances - Plants per Hectare - Conversion Data - Plantation Establishment - Seed Data - Propagation and Cultivation Hints

Chapter/Module 2. Harvesting and Dehydration Schedules - Climatic Factors - Temperature - Light Intensity and Duration  - Water Requirements - Wind Shelter - Latitude, Longitude and Altitude - Harvesting Schedule - Harvesting for Quality - Harvesting the Root - Harvesting the Leaf - Harvesting Whole Herb Above Ground - Harvesting the Flower - Harvesting the Seed - Harvesting Bark - Harvesting of Non Standard Parts - Post Harvest Procedures - The root - Leaf - The Whole Herb - The Flower - General Points - Provision of Drying Surface - The Dehydration Schedule.

Chapter/Module 3. Dehydration - The Benefits of Dehydration - The Aim Of Dehydration - The Living Herb - Photosynthesis - Primary and Secondary Compounds - Metabolic Pathways - General Plant Metabolism - Enzymes, the Plant Alchemists - Dehydration Times and Temperatures - Dehydration Target Times - Dehydration, Basic Information - Dehydration, the Root or Rhizome - Dehydration, the Leaf and Stalk - Dehydration, The Flower The dehydration Climate - Climatic and Dehydrator Conditions - Dehydration Factors - Sun and Shade Drying - Microwave Drying - Belt and Flash Drying - Freeze Drying - Convection Drying - Solar Drying - Desiccants and Ambient Humidity - Air as Drying Medium.

Chapter/Module 4. Introduction to Dehydration Principles and Practice - Fundamental Concepts - The Theory of Matter - The Atom - The Heart of the Matter - Elements - Compounds - Mixtures - Physical and Chemical Processes - Atoms Molecules Elements and Energy - Three Physical States of Matter - Solids - Liquids - Vapors - Measurements - The Metric System - Number Powers and Indices - The Negative Index or Power - Multiplying By Power - The International System of Units - Physical or Base Quantities - SI Base Qualities and Units - Selected Derived Units SI System - Conversion Factors  - Miscellaneous Factors - Macroscopic and Microscopic Quantities - Work - Power - Energy - Thermodynamics - Heat and Temperature - Heat Energy - Specific Heat Capacity - Specific Heat Capacities and Densities Table - Density and Relative Density - Heat Transfer - Thermometers and Temperature - Temperature Scales - Comparison of Temperature Scales - Energy and Change of State - Sensible Heat - Heat and Change of State - Enthalpy - Temperature - Change of State - Atmospheric Pressure - Vapor Pressure - The Effect of Increased Pressure - The Effect of Reduced Pressure - The Measurement of Pressure - Torricelli's Barometer - Boiling Points and Partial Vacuum - The Physics of the Atmosphere and Psychrometry - Field Condition Temperatures - Air and Water Vapor - Saturation and Relative Humidity - Dew Point - The Wet and Dry Bulb Thermometer - The Wet Bulb Thermometer - The Earth and Dehydrator Climate - Reading the Psychometric Chart - Reading the Chart - Herbal Psychrometric Chart - Dehydration Terms Selected Glossary.

Chapter/Module 5. The Practical Application of the Theoretical Principles - Standard Values - Heat and Air Convection - Air Convection - Typical Drying Shed - Types of Air Convection - The single Fan System - The Balanced System - Air Movement - Types of Fans - Factors in Fan Selection - The Production of Heated Air - Fuel Energy Politics - High and Low Grade Energy - Combustion and Fuel Values - Fuel Energy Values - Solar Energy - The Solar Constant - Solar Energy as Sole Heat Source - Conversion Systems - Conversion Systems and Global Warming - Dehydration and Solar Energy - Biomass Conversion to Energy - Net Eco-System Productivity - Components of a Dehydrator - The Gravity Stack - The Horizontal Stack - The Tunnel Dryer - Air Heating Components - The Hybrid System - The Solar Panel - A Wood Burning Furnace - Calculation of Fuel Needed - Thermal Conductivity - Thermal Conductivity Average Values - Fuel and Dehydrator Efficiency - Estimating Dehydration Capacity - Selection of Dehydration Method - Calculating Energy Requirements - Enthalpy of Evaporation - The Heat Calculation - Calculation of Air Volume - Variation in Air Volume - Estimating Fan Power - The Owner Built Dehydrator - Putting it all Together - Specifications and Construction - Hybrid Forced Draught Tunnel Dryer - Construction Notes - Hygrometer Mounting - Operation of the Dehydrator Air Flow Vents - Constant Rate Air Flow Pattern - Falling Rate Air Flow Pattern - Cooling and Conditioning Air Flow Pattern - Commissioning the Dehydrator - Preparation for the Drying Trials - The Drying Trial - Hygrometer Data - Storage and Fumigation - Preparations for Further Processing - Size Reduction - Methods of Size Reduction - The Hammer Mill - Sieving or Screening - Standard Sieves - Farm Sieves.


Chapter/Module 6. Measurements - Average Uncertainty Factors - Glassware - Standard Joints - Construction Points for Small Scale Plant - Heavy Metals - Distillation Train - The Heat Source - Temperature Regulation - A Simple Water Bath - Larger Scale Evaporating Water Bath - The Condenser Multi tube and Coil Type - Condenser Efficiency - Condenser Capacity - Steam Data - Thermal Conductivity of a Spiral Coil - Distillation Techniques - Product Boiling Points - Alcohols - Vapor Composition - Fractional Distillation - Industrial Fractional Distillation - Small Scale Fractional Distillation - Distillation in Steam - A Domestic Still - Distillation under Reduced Pressure - Reduced Pressure - Safety Precautions - A Simple Vacuum Pump and Manometer - Vapor Pressure of Water - The Water Jet Vacuum Pump - The Manometer - Production Scale Equipment - Multi purpose Still - Notes to Multi Purpose Still - Sublimation and Distillation of Solids - Sublimation of the Benzoic Acid.

Chapter/Module 7. Valence Electrons and Bonding - The Electronic Theory of Valence - The Noble Gases - Double Covalent Bonds - Polar and Non polar Covalent Bonds - The Hydrogen Bond - Valence and Organic Chemistry - The Elements of Life - Symbols and Formulae - Molecular FormulaeIsomers - Structural Formulae - Organic Chemistry and Carbon Compounds - Organic Chemistry and Vitalism - Characteristics of Carbon Compounds - Carbon and Carbon Compounds - Carbon Bonds - The Classification of Carbon Compounds - Functional Groups  - Compounds with 1 Carbon and Oxygen bond - Compounds with 2 Oxygen bonds - Compounds with 3 Oxygen bonds - Nitrogen containing Compounds - Sulphur containing Compounds - Simple Chemical Reactions - Addition Reactions - Combination Reactions - Decomposition Reaction - Single Replacement Reaction - Double Replacement Reactions - Stereo Chemistry - Structural Representation - Molecules and MirrorsEnantiomers - The �R' and �S' Convention - Optical Activity - Polarized Light - The Polarimeter - The Racemate - Chirality and Biological Systems - Chirality and Synthetic Drugs - Lethal Racemates - The Herb as Manufacturing Chemist - Acids, Bases and Salts - Acids, Bases and Alkalis - Buffer Action - Acidity and Alkalinity - The pH Scale - Chemical Analysis - Quantitative Chemistry - The Mole and Avogadro Constant - Molar SolutionsDensity - Relative Density - Temperature and SG - Percentage Solutions - Percentage Formulae - Percentage Composition - Proportions and Ratios - Decimal Numbers and Fractions - Reading the Decimal Numbers  - Multiplying and Dividing Decimal Numbers - Changing Percentages to Decimal Fractions - Changing Decimal Fractions to Percentages - Changing Percentages to Common Fractions - Changing Percentages to Ratios - Changing Ratio to Percent.

Chapter/Module 8. The Materia Medica - Pharmacognosy - Pharmacology - Toxicology - Posology - Herbal Pharmacy - The Raw Materia Medica - Crude Vegetable Drugs - Crude Drugs - Natural Exudations Evaluation of Crude Drugs - Organoleptic Assessment - Microscopic Assessment - Chemical and Physical Testing - Herbal Constituents - Chemical Assay - Biological Standardization - Physical Standardization - Arbitrary Standardization - Herbal Constituents - Solubilities in Alcohol and WaterAlkaloids - Anthraquinone Derivatives (Emodins) - Albumins and Globulins - Chlorophyll - Cellulose and Lignin - Fixed Oils -Flavonoids - Glycosides - Gum Mucilage - Resins - The true resins - Oleo-resins and Balsams - The Gum resins - Starch - Tannins - Volatile Oils - Waxes - Solvents used for Extraction Purposes - Basic Chemical Reactions - Incompatibilities - Chemical Incompatibilities - Pharmaceutic Incompatibility - Physical Incompatibility - Therapeutic Incompatibility - Solvents used for Herbal Preparations - Solvents and Their General Properties - Vinegar and Acetic Acid - Cider Apple Vinegar - Glucose Vinegar - Distilled (Spirit) Vinegar - Malt Vinegar - Wine (Grape) Vinegar - Acetic Acid (Acidum Aceticum) Description and Physical Properties - Diluted Acetic Acid - Acetic Acid as a Solvent - Glycerine (Glycerol) - Water - Classes of Water - Rain Water - Reservoir and Lake Water - River Water - Spring Water - Artesian Wells - Distilled Water - Alcohol - Absolute Alcohol - Dehydrated Alcohol - Rectified Spirit - Diluted Alcohol - Types of Alcohol - Alcohol by Fermentation - Alcohol as Solvent - Combination Solvents - Factors Affecting Solubility - Temperature - The nature of the Solvent - Surface Area - General Points - General Table of Solubilities - The Exudates - Fixed Oils and Fats - Common Properties - Gums and Resins - Methods of Preparation - The Gums - The Waxes - Preparations of Crude Drugs - Efficacy - Contamination - Spoilage - Routes and Preparations - Description of Preparations - Classification of Crude Drugs - Morphology and Histology - Taxonomic Classification - Kingdom Plantae - Chemical Taxonomy - Classification by Pharmacological Activity - Polypharmacy - Manifestations of Polypharmacy - Corruption of the Work - In Pursuit of the Prefect Reagent - Scientific Biological Assay - The Legal Position.

Chapter/Module 9. Introduction to the Pharmacy of Herbs - Manufacturing the Solvents and Carriers - Alcohol - Fermentation - Yeast Strains - Yeast Ecology - Yeast Food - Yeast Respiration - Environmental Acidity - Fermentation Temperature - The Fermentation Substrata - Sugar and Starch - Glucose and Fructose - Sucrose - Starch - Yeast, Enzymes and Alcohol - Sugar and Alcohol in Solution - The Hydrometer - Relationship of Density Scales - SG and Weight Volume Relationships - Using The Tables - Preparation of Fermentation Liquids - Factors that Influence Fermentation - The Hydrometer and Fermentation Liquids - The Preparation and Use of Invert Sugar - Syruping the Fermentation Liquid - When to Syrup - Secondary and Tertiary Fermentation - Culturing the Yeasts - Fermentation Air Locks - Sterilization - Summary of Fermentation Processes - Fermentation Products - Maintaining a Yeast Strain - Distillation of Alcohol - Distillation and Rectification of Alcohol - SG and Alcohol Strength - The Official Dilute Alcohols - Preparing the Dilute Alcohols - Distilled Water - Preparation of Distilled Water.


Chapter/Module 10. The Extractions - Types of Extract - Extraction Procedure - Authentication of Crude Drugs - Sampling of Crude Drugs - Original Packs and Re-packs - Sampling Small Packs -The Representative and Official Samples - The Physical Examination of Samples - Other Test Procedures - Analytic Protocols - The Tests - Crude Reagent Tests - Simple Tests for Alkaloids - Testing for Glycosides - Principles of Size Reduction - Extraction Process - Infusions - Concentrated Infusions - The British Herbal Pharmacopoeia - Choosing an Appropriate Extraction Process - Extracting by Maceration - Tinctures by Maceration - Tinctures from Un-organized Drugs - Summary of Maceration Processes - The Un-organized Drug - Concentrated Preparations - Drug Menstruum Ratios - Homoeopathic Mother Tinctures - Hahnemann - The Problem for Homoeopathy - The Potencies Problem - The Potencies and Molecular Memory - Serial Dilution and Information transfer - Terminology and Methodology of Serial Dilution - Succussion the Mechanics - Dilution Mechanics and Problems - The Decimal Scale - The Korsakoff Potencies - High Potencies - The Plant Juices - Tinctures from Fresh Plants - The Extracts - Percolation Method - Percolation Apparatus Reserve Percolate Method - Soft and Dry Extracts - Soft Extracts - Dry Extracts - Scales and Granules - Supplementary Procedures - Continuous Hot Extraction - Alternative Extraction Apparatus - Essential or Volatile oils - Occurrence and nature - Odour extraction - Maceration and Enfleurage - Maceration method - Enfleurage Method - Preparation of enfleurage plates - Extraction by pressure - Extraction by volatile liquids.
 

Chapter/Module 11. Compounding - Classification of Compound Remedies - The Simplex - The Compound - The Compound Remedy - Shelf Life of a Remedy - Climatic Temperature Range - Integrity of the Remedy - The Standardised Remedy - Posology - Clark's Rule - Young's Rule - The Eclectic Rule - The Surface Area Rule - Comments on Posology - Remedies in Liquid Form - Emulsions - Solutions - Suspensions - The Emulsions - Types of Emulsions - The Theory of Emulsification - Anionic Emulsifiers - Cationic Emulsifiers - Non Ionizing molecules - The Natural Colloids - Gums - Mucilages - Proteins - Waxes - The Fixed Oils and Fats - The Alcohols - Structural Examples - Solutions - Elixirs - Syrups - Tinctures - Solubility - True and Colloid Solutions - Dispersions and Suspensions - Manufacturing Emulsions - Light Creams and OintmentsBalm - Salve - Cream - Methodology for Lotions and Creams  - The Ointments (Unguentum) - Animal fats - Insect exudations - Vegetable exudations - Mineral Oils and Wax - Synthetics - Methodology of Preparation - Adding the Medicament - Ointment Posology - Useful Formulae - Pessaries - Suppositories - Bougies - Salve Sticks - Capsules - Pills - Tablets - Enteric Coated Capsules - Coating the Capsules - By Rotation - By Spraying - Pills and Pill Mass - Tablets ( Tabellae ) - Moulded Tablets - Compressed Tablets - Tablet Disintegration Test - Lozenges or Troches - A Simple Moulded Lozenge Base - Lozenges with a Flavoured Base - Simple Flavouring Syrup - Elixirs (Elixeria) - The Insufflations ( Snuff ) - The Inhalants - Homeopathic Preparations - Triturations.

Chapter/Module 12. Introduction to Spagyric or Plant Alchemy - The Philosophical Elements - The Philosophical Principles - Metal and Mineral Transmutation - Biological Transmutations - Circadian Rhythms - Astrology and Circadian Rhythms - Hermetic Philosophy and Astrology - Man as Microcosm - The Hermetic Hypothesis and Scientific Corroboration - The Earths magnetosphere - The Solar Heartbeat - Diamagnetic - Paramagnetic - Ferromagnetic - The Moon as Magnetic Modulator - Electromagnetic Induction - Solar Eclipse and the Saros Cycle - Astrology as the basis of Spagyric Work - Herbs and the Seven Inner Planets - Herbs and the Constellations - The Zodiac and Spagyric Operations - The Spagyric Extracts - Spagyric Solvents - Water - Alcohol - Spagyric Maceration - Recovery of Soluble Salts from the Marc - Exaltation or Circulation - The Soluble Salts -The Salts - The Tissue Salts - Filtration.

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